Most common Medical Causes of Male Infertility

Infertility can be a major downer for couples who are aspiring to conceive. Around 15 % of couples around the world turn out to be infertile. Also, men and woman can both suffer from infertility problems. For men, issues such as low sperm production, the irregular functioning of the sperm, or blockages in the reproductive system make infertility more likely. Apart from this, injuries, illnesses, and unhealthy lifestyle choices can also make a major impact. While suffering from such conditions can be very stressful, treatments are available to solve each of them. Here we are taking a look at the most commonly found medical causes of infertility in males.


  1. Varicocele: In this condition, the veins that lead to the testicles swell, which leads to lowering the quality of the sperm being produced. Using the right treatment for the condition can improve the health and numbers of sperm and can significantly increase the chances of success especially when combined with assisted reproduction techniques.
  2. Infections: Inflammation or infectious diseases such as gonorrhea or HIV can play havoc with fertility in males. In these conditions often damage to the testicles is permanent. However, a few medical processes still can extract sperm when needed.
  3. Problems in Ejaculation: Injuries or health conditions like diabetes can cause difficulty in ejaculation of sperm. Often in cases such as these, the sperm enters the bladder instead of the penis. In these cases, assisted reproductive techniques are successful in extracting the sperm needed.
  4. Abnormal Antibody Action: Usually, the antibodies in our bodies work to kill or keep out harmful microbes that cause ailments. However, sometimes the antibodies mistakenly identify sperm cells as dangerous and start attacking them causing infertility in men.
  5. Hormonal Imbalances: Disorders affecting the testicles, or other hormonal systems such as the pituitary, adrenal or thyroid glands, and the hypothalamus, may adversely disturb the production of sperm.
  6. Prior Surgery: Some surgeries such as vasectomies, or other surgical procedures on the hernia, or scrotum, or other nearby areas prevent the sperm that is being produced into being mixed with the ejaculate. In these cases, rectifying surgeries are usually the solution for such conditions.
  7. Medical History: Certain medications such as anabolic steroids, chemotherapy medications, etc., can adversely affect the production of sperms and consequently male fertility.
  8. Celiac Disease: In this disorder of the digestive system, the body is sensitive to the consumption of gluten, which in turn increases the chances of infertility. Gluten-free diets are recommended to solve this issue.
  9. Chromosomal Abnormality: Extra X chromosome in males can cause abnormal development of reproductive organs and lowers the probabilities of fertility.

As you can see, many factors can affect the fertility of men, and it is essential to seek medical assistance from experts such as Nirmiti Clinic if one wishes to become a parent in the future. Set up an appointment at and bring back life to your hopes. Best of Luck!

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